Kazakhstan is among the world leaders in the variety and quantity of mineral resources. As the most significant among those for the country’s economy are oil and gas, coal and other ore minerals, which is why the legal framework in these economic sectors is so well-developed, historically the government has been less focused on the development of alternative energy sources. For instance, at present the majority of power stations in Kazakhstan run on natural gas, coal or oil derivatives.
However, the recent crisis in the world economy and the awareness of the need to reduce the energy intensity of the economy and the environmental impact have led the leadership of the country to actively focus on the creation of favorable conditions for the use of renewable energy sources (“RES”).
The concept of RES:
Under Kazakhstan law, RES mean: sources of energy which are renewable through natural processes, including:
- the energy of solar radiation energy;
- wind energy;
- the hydrodynamic energy of water;
- geothermal energy (the heat of soil, ground water, rivers and water bodies); and man-made sources of primary energy resources:
- biogas; and
- other fuels from organic waste used in electric and/or thermal power generation.
Author – Ainur Akhmetova, Associate, INTEGRITES Kazakhstan